I have been eating kimchi for a long time. But usually we buy it. The problem is most kimchi in the Korean markets has seafood including shellfish. As someone who suffers from gout shellfish is off the menu.
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Why do we normally buy kimchi? It is a lot of time consuming work. But making your own is cheaper, last longer and you can season it how you like it.
BTW: Walmart now sales a Vegan kimchi from Korea that is not to bad. But it is expensive.
The main vegetable ingredients are cabbage, carrot, green onion, Korean radish (Mu), garlic and ginger.
Cabbage is best in late fall so we will only make a small batch today. Later when cabbage is at its prime we will make a large batch.
To open the cabbage make about a two inch cut into it. Then pull the cabbage apart.
As you can see I need more practice. If you want whole cabbage this is when you would salt the cabbage. But to make it easy I cut mine up into two inch pieces.
One five and a half pound cabbage filled this bowl up. Remember how this looks.
To preserve the cabbage we need to salt it. Salting the cabbage will pull out moisture and help the good bacteria grow faster than the bad bacteria. You can use any grade of salt but it needs to be free from iodine. Iodine is a disinfectant and we want bacteria to grow.
To salt the cabbage sprinkle some on then mix. Sprinkle on some more and mix again. Then add what is left of the salt and mix. The cabbage needs to salt for two hours. Mix the cabbage every twenty to thirty minutes.
While the cabbage is salting we can get our seasoning mix made up.
You can see my Vegan fish sauce, sweet rice flour and Korean red pepper flakes. For red pepper flakes I always look for the ones from Korea. Even in the Korean market most are imported from China.
First thing you need to do is make sweet rice porridge. This will give the bacteria some carbs to get the fermentation started. To a pan add water and sweet rice flour. Mix then heat to a boil while stirring. When it comes to a boil and you feel it start to thicken add some raw sugar. Take off the heat and let it cool down.
This is dropwort or minari. My wife loves this in kimchi. It's usually only available is the cooler months.
There is a lot of chopping involved to make kimchi. Here we have chopped onion, green onion, carrot, dropwort, garlic, ginger and the Korean red pepper. To that we add the sweet rice porridge.
Add we add our Vegan fish sauce.
Mix it all together. I like to let these ingredients mingle for a little bit before using but it not a requirement.
After two hours rinse the cabbage to remove excess salt. Then drain the water off. Notice how much it has the volume has reduced.
Put on rubber or plastic gloves. Add the seasoning mix and mix everything up.
Put into your container and mash out any air pockets. It is now ready to ferment. How much it should ferment before you put it into the refrigerator depends upon how quickly you want it to get sour.
At a minimum let it sit out overnight the first night. But you should let it sit out until it starts to have a slight fermentation smell. At 70F that should be twenty four to forty eight hours.
- 1 head Napa Cabbage 5 to 6 pounds
- 72 grams salt no iodine
Sweet rice porridge
- 2 cups water
- 2 Tablespoons Sweet Rice Flour
- 2 Tablespoons Raw Sugar
Salt the cabbage
- Chop the cabbage into 1.5 to 2 inch pieces.
- Add 1/3 of salt and mix.
- Add 1/3 of salt and mix.
- Add the remainder of salt and mix.
- The cabbage needs to salt for two hours. Mix the cabbage every twenty to thirty minutes.
- Rise the cabbage in clean water and drain.
Make the sweet rice porridge
- To a pan add two cups of water and two tablespoons of sweet rice flour. Mix well.
- Turn on the burner and while stirring bring to a boil.
- After it comes to a boil and starts to thicken turn off the heat and add two Tablespoons raw sugar.
Make the seasoning
- To a large bowl add the chopped onion, green onion, carrot, dropwort, garlic, ginger and the Korean red pepper.
- Then add the cooled sweet rice porridge and vegan fish sauce.
- Mix well.
Make the kimchi.
- In a large bowl add the drained cabbage and seasoning.
- Put on gloves to protect your skin from the peppers.
- Mix well to ensure the seasoning mix coats the cabbage.
- Put your kimchi in the storage container and press down to remove air.
- Let sit at room temperature until the kimchi starts to ferment. Twelve to forty eight hours.
- Your kimchi is now ready to enjoy.